Ballot Measure – Ballot Measure Polling


A Ballot Measure in the United States is a law, issue, or question that shows on a state or local ballot for voters to decide. According to Ballot Pedia ( ), There are different types of ballot measures including Legislatively referred, citizen-initiated ballot measures, and other types of ballot measures.

Ballot Measure - Ballot Measure Polling

However, there have been statewide ballot measures in each of the 50 states. Citizens can collect signatures to place laws on the ballot in 26 states. It requires a ballot measure to amend the state constitution. This article will unveil and explain the different types of ballot measures, so endeavor to read to the end.

Ballot Measure

Changing a state constitution requires a ballot measure, whether a citizen or legislative proposal, in 49 states. Check out the various type of ballot measures.

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Citizen Initiated Ballot

Citizens can take a signature to places m laws on the ballot in 26 states. The citizen-initiated BM are of various types they are as follows:

Initiated Amendment

This type is a citizen-initiated BM  that amends the state constitution. Of the 26 states that provide some form of initiative, 28 states allow citizens to initiate constitutional amendments.

In Mississippi and Massachusetts, the initiated constitutional amendment is indirect, meaning the proposal goes to the legislature going to voters. Fore Massachusetts, the legislature must approve the constitutional amendment for the measure to appear on the ballot. For Mississippi, thy legislature’s action does not affect whether or not the measure appears on the ballot.

Initiated Statute

An initiated state statute measure that amends state statute. 7 of the 21 states provide for indirect, but not direct, citizen-initiated state statutes. An indirectly initiated state statute goes to the legislature after a successful signature drive. Legislature in these states has the option to approve initiative themselves, rather than the initiative appearing on the ballot.

Combined Initiated amendment and statute

In California and Colorado, citizens have the option of initiating a constitutional amendment and state statute. The ballot measures are allowed to contain constitutional and statutory provisions that are related to a single subject.

Statute affirmation

Voters in Nevada have the power to initiate a statute affirmation. A statute affirmation places a law that was already passed on the ballot. The passage of a statute affirmation prohibits the legislature from amending the law without voters’ approval.

Veto Referendum

This type, asks voters whether to uphold or repeal a law that was passed by the state legislature. Of the 26 states offers some form of initiative, 23 states allow citizens to initiate veto referendums.


The legislature of all the state has the power to refer measures to the ballot.

Referred Amendment: to change a state constitution, it requires a public vote in 49 of 50 states. Delaware is the exception. The main differences in the requirements for a legislature to refer a constitutional amendment are the number of times that the legislature must vote on the amendment and the size of the legislative vote.

Advisory Question

This is a non-binding ballot measure, which means that the ballot measure does not change the law. The goal of an advisory question is the gauge voter opinion on an issue.  There are other types of ballot measures such as the convention, commission and automatic, etc.

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