Building Insurance – What Does Building Insurance Cover?


Building insurance is a crucial financial protection that homeowners and property owners can obtain to safeguard their investments against various risks.

Whether you own a house, apartment building, or commercial property, building insurance provides coverage for damages caused by perils such as fire, theft, vandalism, and natural disasters.

It is important to have a good understanding of this insurance, and luckily, we will be covering all you need to know in this post.

You will find everything you need to know about building insurance, including its coverage, types, benefits, how to choose the right policy for your needs, etc below. So, all you have to do now is to read thoroughly.

Building Insurance

What is Building Insurance?

Building insurance is a type of insurance policy that provides financial protection for physical structures, including residential and commercial buildings, against damages and losses caused by covered perils. It typically covers the cost of repairing or rebuilding the property in the event of damage or destruction due to unforeseen circumstances.

What Does Building Insurance Cover?

Building insurance covers damage to the physical structure of a property caused by various risks, including;

  • Fire and smoke damage
  • Weather-related damage (storms, hurricanes, etc.)
  • Water damage (leaks, burst pipes, flooding)
  • Vandalism and malicious damage
  • Theft and burglary
  • Explosion damage
  • Impact damage (from falling objects, vehicles)
  • Subsidence and structural damage

It provides financial protection by covering the cost of repairs or rebuilding in case of damage due to these perils, ensuring property owners are not burdened with significant financial losses.

What is Not Covered by Building Insurance?

Here is a list of what is not covered by building insurance;

  • General wear and tear.
  • Damage due to poor maintenance.
  • Certain natural disasters if not specified (e.g., some policies might exclude flood damage).
  • Subsidence unless explicitly included.

Types of Building Insurance Policies

Regarding building insurance, various types of policies are tailored to different property ownership situations. Understanding these types can help property owners choose the right coverage for their needs:

Homeowners Insurance

This type of insurance is essential for those who own residential properties like houses, condos, or townhouses. It provides coverage for the physical structure of the home, as well as personal belongings inside.

Additionally, homeowners insurance often includes liability protection, which covers legal expenses if someone is injured on the property. Some policies may also offer coverage for additional living expenses, which helps pay for temporary housing if the home becomes uninhabitable due to covered damage.

Landlord Insurance

Landlord insurance is specifically designed for property owners who rent out their homes or apartments to tenants.

This type of policy typically covers the physical structure of the rental property, as well as landlord-specific risks such as loss of rental income and liability protection for injuries that occur on the property.

Landlord insurance may also include coverage for legal fees associated with evictions or property damage caused by tenants.

Commercial Property Insurance

For business owners, commercial property insurance is crucial to protect their commercial buildings, offices, retail stores, warehouses, and other business properties.

This type of insurance covers the physical structure of the building, as well as business assets inside, such as equipment, inventory, and furniture.

Commercial property insurance may also provide coverage for business interruption, which compensates for lost income if the business is unable to operate due to covered damage.

Renters Insurance

While landlords are responsible for ensuring the physical structure of a rental property, renters insurance is essential for tenants to protect their personal belongings and liability.

Renters insurance covers personal property such as furniture, electronics, clothing, and jewellery against perils like fire, theft, and vandalism.

Additionally, renters insurance includes liability coverage, which protects tenants if they are responsible for property damage or bodily injury to others. Renters insurance is often affordable and provides valuable financial protection for renters.

Why Do You Need Building Insurance?

Here’s why you should consider building insurance;

Financial Protection

In the event of a disaster, such as a fire, flood, or severe storm, building insurance ensures you won’t have to bear the full cost of repairs or rebuilding out of pocket. The expenses associated with repairing structural damage can be substantial, often running into tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Without building insurance, you would need to cover these costs yourself, which could be financially devastating. Insurance provides a safety net that allows you to recover and rebuild without severe financial strain.

Mortgage Requirement

If you have a mortgage, your lender will likely require you to have building insurance as part of the loan agreement. Lenders need to protect their investment, and ensuring that the property is insured safeguards against the risk of their collateral losing value due to unforeseen damage.

Without building insurance, you might not be able to secure a mortgage in the first place, as the lender needs assurance that their investment is protected.

Peace of Mind

Knowing your property is protected provides significant peace of mind. Life is unpredictable, and disasters can occur without warning. Building insurance allows you to enjoy your home without the constant worry of how you would manage financially if something were to happen to it.

This peace of mind extends to knowing that, in the event of an incident, you have the support and resources to quickly address and repair any damage, helping you return to normalcy faster. This assurance can enhance your overall quality of life, allowing you to focus on enjoying your home and family without undue stress.

How Much Building Insurance Do You Need?

The amount of building insurance you need should cover the cost of rebuilding your property from scratch. This includes demolition, site clearance, and architects’ fees. It’s not based on the market value of your property, but the rebuild cost, which you can often find in a property survey or using online calculators.

Choosing the Right Building Insurance Policy

When selecting a building insurance policy, consider the following factors:

  1. Coverage Limits: Ensure that the policy provides adequate coverage limits to cover the replacement cost of your property and belongings in the event of a loss.
  2. Deductible: Consider the deductible amount, which is the out-of-pocket expense you’ll need to pay before the insurance coverage kicks in. Choose a deductible amount that you can comfortably afford.
  3. Additional Coverage Options: Evaluate whether the policy offers optional coverage options, such as flood insurance, earthquake insurance, or sewer backup coverage, depending on your property’s location and specific needs.
  4. Premium Costs: Compare premium costs from different insurance providers to find a policy that offers comprehensive coverage at an affordable price.

What Should I Do if I Need to Make a Claim?

If you need to claim your building insurance, it’s important to act promptly and follow the necessary steps to ensure your claim is processed smoothly. First, contact your insurer as soon as possible after the damage occurs. This initial notification is crucial for starting the claims process and getting the support you need. When you contact your insurer, be prepared to provide detailed information about the damage.

Next, follow your insurer’s instructions for documentation and evidence. This typically involves taking photographs or videos of the damage, keeping damaged items for inspection, and providing receipts or estimates for repair costs. Your insurer may send a loss adjuster to assess the damage in person.

It’s important to cooperate fully and provide all requested information to avoid delays in processing your claim. Keep a record of all communications with your insurer, including dates, times, and the names of representatives you speak with. This documentation can be valuable if there are any disputes or misunderstandings later in the process.

Can I Switch My Building Insurance Provider?

Yes, you can switch building insurance providers, and doing so can sometimes save you money or offer better coverage. However, it’s important to ensure that there is no gap in your coverage during the transition. To switch providers, start by shopping around and comparing policies from different insurers. Look for a policy that meets your needs and offers good value for money. Once you’ve selected a new provider, check the terms of your current policy to see if there are any cancellation fees or notice periods you need to adhere to.

Before canceling your current policy, confirm the start date of your new policy to ensure continuous coverage. It’s best to overlap the policies by a day or two to avoid any potential gaps. Inform your current insurer of your decision to switch and follow their procedures for canceling the policy.

Make sure you receive written confirmation of the cancellation and any refund of premiums if applicable. By carefully managing the transition, you can switch building insurance providers seamlessly, maintaining protection for your property without interruption.


Building insurance is a vital part of property ownership, offering essential protection against potential damages. By understanding what it covers, assessing your rebuild costs, and choosing the right policy, you can safeguard your investment and enjoy peace of mind. Make sure to review and update your policy regularly to ensure it continues to meet your needs.

If you have further questions or need personalized advice, consider speaking to an insurance advisor who can provide expert guidance tailored to your specific situation.


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